The Agency for Electronic Communications and Postal Services (hereinafter referred to as "EKIP") started its work on 8 March 2001, as an independent national regulatory authority for electronic communications and postal services. The basic principles that the EKIP has applied in the activities related to sector regulation, have been to ensure a certain and predictable business environment for the operation of undertakings and for their significant investments; to create conditions for the implementation and development of new technologies in the whole territory of Montenegro, with the promotion of rational utilization of limited resources (radio-frequencies and numbering/addresses); to promote competition and prevent the distortion of market competition among operators; to resolve disputes between operators, and to constantly improve the protection of users' interests.
Managing bodies of the Agency under the Law on Electronic Communications are the Council of the Agency and the Executive Director of the Agency. The Agency's Council has the President and four Members. The Agency has 69 employees, including the President, Council Members and the Executive Director.
Radio-frequency spectrum management, as a limited resource, shall include planning, assignment, coordination, monitoring and control of usage thereof. The EKIP manage radio-frequency spectrum in accordance with international agreements (the Convention and Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU)) and the Law on Electronic Communications and Postal Services. The EKIP coordinate the use of satellite orbits in accordance with relevant international agreements and this Law, in line with the interests of Montenegro. The EKIP cooperates with international organizations and competent authorities of other countries responsible for radio-frequency spectrum management, independently or through the competent authorities.
Radio-frequency spectrum allocation plan
The Radio Frequency Spectrum Allocation Plan specify the allocation of radio frequency bands for individual radio communications services in accordance with Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunications Union. Radio Frequency Spectrum Allocation Plan for radio-frequency bands define:
- allocation to one or more radio communications services in Montenegro, whereby individual radio frequency bands do not have to be intended for certain radio communications services (usage independent from the type of radio communications service);
- assignment to one or more relevant applications or technologies, whereby the use of individual radio frequency bands may be independent from the applied technology (technologically neutral use);
- allocation for civiland/or military use;
- conditions for the use of associated radio frequencies which may indicate the application of other relevant decisions and recommendations of the International Telecommunications Union, the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) and other competent international organisations and institutions as well as other regulations, international treaties and agreements.
Radio-Frequency Spectrum Allocation Plan is adopted by the Government of Montenegro.
Radio-frequency assignment plan
The Plan for radio-frequency assignment from a particular band define the assignment of radio-frequencies from a particular band to radio-frequency channels, more detailed terms, usage and method for assigning radio-frequencies to one or more specific radiocommunications services, in accordance with the Radio-Frequency Spectrum Allocation Plan. Radio-frequency assignment plans is adopted by the EKIP, taking into account the needs and demands of users, upon the conducted procedure of public consultations. The procedure for the adoption of radio-frequency assignment plans takes into account the needs of national security and defence, protection against natural and other disasters and the needs of emergency and rescue services.
Use of radio-frequencies
Natural and legal persons may use radio frequencies based on the approval for use of radio frequencies issued by the Agency.The state administration body in charge of defence activities may use radio-frequencies which are allocated for military use under the Radio-Frequency Spectrum Allocation Plan, without the approval for the use thereof. Radio-frequencies which may be used without the approval, and the terms of their use, as well as radio-frequencies the use of which is mandatory to be reported to the Agency, shall be defined by the regulation of the Ministry of information society and telecommunications.
Control and monitoring of radio-frequency spectrum
EKIP perform the control and monitoring of radio-frequency spectrum in accordance with this Law and appropriate international agreements. EKIP shall plan, develop and improve the system for control and monitoring of radio-frequency spectrum. In the procedure of control and monitoring of radio-frequency spectrum the Agency shall, in particular:
- conduct appropriate measurements of parameters of radio emissions to establish the occupancy of particular radio-frequency bands, in accordance with this Law and appropriate international agreements and
- identify the source, location and illegal radio emissions and source of harmful interferences.