The Agency for Electronic Communications and Postal Services (hereinafter referred to as "EKIP") started its work on 8 March 2001, as an independent national regulatory authority for electronic communications and postal services. The basic principles that the EKIP has applied in the activities related to sector regulation, have been to ensure a certain and predictable business environment for the operation of undertakings and for their significant investments; to create conditions for the implementation and development of new technologies in the whole territory of Montenegro, with the promotion of rational utilization of limited resources (radio-frequencies and numbering/addresses); to promote competition and prevent the distortion of market competition among operators; to resolve disputes between operators, and to constantly improve the protection of users' interests.
Managing bodies of the Agency under the Law on Electronic Communications are the Council of the Agency and the Executive Director of the Agency. The Agency's Council has the President and four Members. The Agency has 69 employees, including the President, Council Members and the Executive Director.
National Market Statistics
The operator of electronic communications in terms of the Law on Electronic Communications is a natural or legal person, or an entrepreneur who provides or has a right to provide a public electronic communication service or provide the use of a public electronic communications network or a public electronic communications infrastructure and associated facilities.
A natural or legal person shall, before using, or an operator shall, prior to the termination or modification of the regime of use of public electronic communications networks or the provision of electronic communications services, submit an application to the EKIP in writing at least 15 days prior to the use of, or termination of, or changes to the regime of use of public electronic communications networks or the provision of electronic communications services.
EKIP shall, within seven days of the receipt of the complete application, enter the operator in the Registry of Operators or make a modification in or remove the operator from the Registry, and issue a certificate of registration, modification, or removal from the Registry.
At the end of 2014, 53 operators have been entered in the Registry kept by EKIP. After the entry into the Registry, the operators have acquired the right to conduct the following activities:
- implement public fixed electronic communications networks based on fixed wireless access and provide public fixed electronic communication services;
- provide the services of public service of voice transmission via IP-based networks;
- provide the public service of Internet access;
- provide the public service of leased lines;
- implement public cable electronic communication networks and provide public electronic communication service of distribution of radio and television programs to end-users;
- provide public electronic communication services through its own functional network/system;
- implement a public electronic communications network based on a wireless broadband access (BWA);
- provide the services of IP telephony, callback service and the service of information center;
- provide the service of Internet access via wireless access systems in radio-frequency bands of 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz, allocated to those systems;
- provide the services of leasing digital national and international lines;
- provide the service of leasing dark fiber;
- to provide the service of Internet access, VoIP, video streaming, fax and voice services and ethernet connection (point-to-point) and IP transit.
The following text contains the most important statistical data related to electronic communications sector at the end of 2014:
- Number of fixed subscriber lines amounted to 164,671, which corresponded to the penetration of 26.56%.
- Number of mobile telephone users in Montenegro was 1,013,296, which corresponded to the penetration of 163.43%. Out of this number, 653,051 were prepaid users, while the remaining 360,246 belonged to the category of postpaid users.
- The penetration of fixed broadband access at the end of 2014 was 15.4%, and the maximum number of users was ADSL users - 66.6%. The penetration of mobile broadband access at the end of 2014 amounted to 10.4%.
- Total number of ISDN connections amounted to 3,200, which was a decrease of 1,052 ISDN connections compared to the end of 2013.
- During 2014, the number of ADSL users continued to rose, so that the number rise by 1.2% compared to 2013. The number of ADSL connections was 69,153.
- Number of users with Internet access via WiMAX rose in 2014 by 17.3% compared to 2013, so that at the end of 2014 there were 7,097 users.
- Number of Internet access users via cable distribution systems amounted to 9,544 which was the increase of 24.3% users compared to the end of 2013.
- Number of Internet access users via access networks with fiber optic was 12,605, which was an increase of 46.4% compared to 2013.
- Number of satellite Internet users was 79.
- Number of leased Internet lines amounted to 255.
- Total number of wireless access points compared to 2013 increase from 132 to 238.
- Penetration of fixed broadband access was 15.4%, which was the increase of 1.4% compared to 2013. When penetration is considered in relation with the number of households, it amounts to 53.3%, which is the rise of 4.2% compared to penetration in relation with the number of households in 2013.
- Total number of users of the service of transmission of radio and television programs to end-users totaled to 153,901. Compared to the end of 2013, the number of users of this service rose by 5,519, which represented a rise of 3.72%.
- Degree of digitalization of fixed connections was 100%.